Emily Zakem is a Principal Investigator at the Department of Global Ecology at the Carnegie Institution for Science. Previously, she was a Simons Foundation Postdoctoral Fellow in Marine Microbial Ecology at the University of Southern California in Los Angeles. She completed her Ph.D. in Climate Physics and Chemistry in the Department of Earth, Atmospheric and Planetary Sciences at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
A relatively small number of metabolic pathways drives the global cycles of climatically important elements, and microorganisms mediate the majority of this cycling. Zakem's work hypothesizes that the activity of microbes within an ecosystem is sufficiently predictable to provide insight into the formation of large-scale biogeochemical features, such as anoxic oxygen minimum zones, patterns of nitrification, and the accumulation of organic carbon.
This predictability results from an assumption that much of the large-scale function of the microbial community can be understood by reducing that activity to the underlying chemistry of metabolism and the physical limitations of a microbial cell. Interactions of diverse microbial populations with each other and the environment results in the geochemical distributions and transformation rates that we observe.
Zakem develops mathematical models with mechanistic descriptions of microbial growth and respiration to examine these distributions, their connections to the biogeography of the microbial communities, and their sensitivity and potential feedbacks to changes in climate.